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Seoul has different types of parks. These include ecological parks designed with the preservation of certain rare types of flora and fauna in mind, and its small and medium-sized parks that provide an environmentally-friendly setting with diverse fun faclilities for the whole family.


Located in Jongno, downtown Seoul, Tapgol Park was the first urban park ever to be opened in the country. Designed by J.M. Brown, a British diplomat, in 1897, the park currently serves a wide variety of the recreational needs of Seoulites. It is also of great historical significance: The March 1st Movement of 1919 ignited here during the Japanese occupation. An octagonal pavilion, Palgakjeong, marks the exact spot where Korea’s Declaration of Independence was read out for the first time. Around the pavilion are such historical treasures as the Wongaksa 10 tier Pagoda (National Treasure No. 2), Wongaksa Monument (Treasure No. 3), the “Angbuilgu” sundial and a stone turtle. A monument and a mural in memory of the March 1 Movement are also present here. As are a statue and monument dedicated to Son Byung-hee and Han Yong-un, two of the movement’s leading figures (All were built in 1980).