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Seoul has different types of parks. These include ecological parks designed with the preservation of certain rare types of flora and fauna in mind, and its small and medium-sized parks that provide an environmentally-friendly setting with diverse fun faclilities for the whole family.


Development concept
Aspects of observation and study with the theme of ecological factors A place where the green land of a park is ecologically restored and conserved for nature observation and study. It is provided for users to observe plants, animals, and insects growing and living in a natural environment, that is to say, a park developed for users to easily access and observe the small life forms.

Aspects of development based on ecological principles
A park that introduces the habitats of wild creatures in a city and maintains itself by ecological order (biological diversity, ecological soundness, sustainability). It also introduces wildlife scenes and is developed to be maintained with minimal energy input. Its comparative value with other parks is based on its focus on natural ecological environments.

Functions of ecological park
Introduced functions in an ecological park Various micro bio-tope formations A forest where a biocoenosis exists in a relatively stable condition, inducing inhabitance of various micro life forms by micro environmental changes.

Habitat protection
Protecting and managing certain areas for various micro bio-topes to form an ecologically stable network. It also ensures propagation of inhabiting species to develop an ecologically sound space.

Providing space for nature observation activities
Providing a space to observe and study eco-systems in an ecologically stable area. In this capacity, it provides a limited observation opportunity (not to disturb the ecology), since it is a space where various life forms live.

Information provision and explanations
Ecological explanations for various studies by collecting the data of observable results through monitoring of the natural contents.

Nature restoration research and propagation
Role as a source of material supply in developing an ecological park through scientific methods, such as restoration, technology, and research of a damaged ecology.

Ecological park development theory
Biological diversity It means diversity of gene, species, and micro-bio-tope, and biological diversity is proportional to ecological stableness.

Ecological soundness
By sustaining ecological self-productivity, soundness is secured and the use of biological resources can be continued.

Ecological perpetuation is sustained by continuously preserving and recycling biological resources.

Minimum Energy Input
Artificial energy input is minimized by forming natural circulation system.

Development background

The expansion and development of a city provoked environmental problems, and the structural change of value towards physical artificial environments promoted a preference towards natural environments. This, as well as the needs for desire gratification and economic efficiency, served as the major reasons for the advent of new-type parks: Eco-parks. The origin of ecological park is Bloemendaalse, which was developed by a teacher Jae, P. Thijsse, who wanted students to understand nature, in Haarlem, the Netherlands in 1952. After the William Curtis Ecological Park, which was built in England in 1977 so people could easily access nature, closed in 1985, the Ecological Park Foundation was founded and the concept of an ecological park was introduced in developed parks mainly in England. This concept spread to Germany and Canada, sometime later. The term "Ecological Park" is used by Schwarz in his book "Natural Garden (Deer Nature Garden)" in 1980, which was developed from the concept "Ecological garden" in "Switch off nature-switch on nature" written by Le Roy in 1973.

Similar concepts
Touring places with an excellent ecological value (natural views, wild animals and plants) with the proper number of participants and established programs, hosted by a professional guide. It is an educational tour in which participants recognize the importance of nature.

Nature study facility
The park seeks to attract the young, who don't have an opportunity to access, understand, study a natural environment, into visiting so as to provide them with an educational experience they would not get at school or home. Examples include educational programs about nature throughout a collectivized life; and training and educating order, partnership, and service in nature by training their bodies and minds.

Nature observation facilities
The facility that exhibits natural materials in an artificial environment, where nature can be experienced, so people can access and observe them easily.

Zoo & botanical garden
Theme parks devoted to exhibitions and viewing based on the taxonomical classifications of animals and plants. These programs maximize their effect by describing in detail the habitats of their subject animals and plants.