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Seoul has different types of parks. These include ecological parks designed with the preservation of certain rare types of flora and fauna in mind, and its small and medium-sized parks that provide an environmentally-friendly setting with diverse fun faclilities for the whole family.

Seoul forest

Seoul Forest is the metropolitan government’s answer to Central Park in New York City. Based on its plan to create a forest in the Ttukseom area, the metropolitan government worked for one year to open the vast (the forest takes up some 1.15 million m² of land), artificially formed forest to the public in June 2005. A total of 420,000 trees of 104 different kinds were transplanted here; to emphasize the eco-friendly image of the forest. The trees were about 20 meters tall and 30 to 40 centimeters in diameter. Oak, hornbeam and cherry trees are most common here, most of which are of Korean origin. The forest consists of five areas under different themes. The first themed land is called “TtukSeom Culture and Art Park”, which includes a plaza, outdoor stage, an artificial pond, an atelier and a gateball court. The second one is “TtukSeom Ecology Forest, a grand ecological forest which is home to such wild species as the Formosan deer, Chinese water deer, squirrels and fallow deer (they were released into the forest when it opened) (a guided tour is available).

The area is connected to Hangang Waterside Park via a 472 meter long bridge. “Wetlands Ecological Field”, the third area, features a bird observatory, an eco-friendly playground and Jeongsu botanical garden. The fourth area, “Hands-on Nature Learning Center”, is a place where visitors can gain hands-on knowledge and see examples of various plants. This area also features Gallery Garden, a greenhouse and a flower garden made from the water purifying facilities which had long been used here. The fifth area is Hangang Waterside Park which includes a cycle trail and a boat terminal.

Location: 273, Ttukseom-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul Area: 1,156,498㎡ Main attractions

- Five theme areas: Culture and Arts Park (220,000㎡), Eco Forest (165,000㎡), Experiential Learning Park (85,000㎡), Marsh Plants Garden (70,000㎡), Hangang Riverside Park (33,000㎡)

- Main facilities: Seoul Forest Plaza (Horse Statues), Splash Fountain, Skate Park, Family Yard, Outdoor Theater, Forest Glade, Children's Woodland Playground, Water Playground, Waterside Lounge, Waterside Shelter, Forest Path, Sports Park, Ttukseom Eco Forest, Hill of Wind, Gallery Garden, Insect Garden, Special Events Area, Eco Learning Center, Environmental Playground, Open Air Nature Awareness School, Bird Observatory, Marsh Plants Garden, Hangang Riverside Park, Children's Library, Mirror Lake, Sculpture Park, Philosopher's Path, Disabled-friendly Playground, Seoul Forest Bridge, Seoul Forest Tunnel, Forest Keeper's Forest, Observation Deck, Waterfall, Footbridge, Deer Corral.

Planning process: The creation of Seoul Forest required a long process in which ideas and views were gathered from experts and the general public through workshops and hearings. Construction process: The construction of the park involved the active participation of ordinary citizens via the Seoul Green Trust.

- A total of 48,000 trees were planted by Seoul citizens in five events carried out between 2003 and 2005. Management and operation: Seoul Forest is managed and operated by the Seoul Forest Park Conservancy, a private organization affiliated with the Seoul Green Trust, jointly with the Seoul Government.

- Seoul Forest Park Conservancy: Operation of educational programs and marketing and PR activities.

- Seoul Metropolitan Government: Facilities/property management