Seoul: Step 2 of the “Urban Renewal and Revitalization Project”
Seoul is planning to go ahead with the second step of the “Urban Renewal and Revitalization Project of Seoul,” the project whose aim is to realize neighborhood-centered urban planning through community building with citizen participation. Areas designated as a final target area will be subsidized by as much as 10 billion to 50 billion won by the government over a period of five years. The Urban Renewal and Revitalization Project is currently underway in 13 areas, including the entire area of Seoul Station, Sewoon Shopping Mall, and Nakwon Shopping Center, all of which were determined as final target areas for the first step in 2015.
Seoul introduced an “Advance Preparation Phase” to the second step of the “Urban Renewal & Revitalization Project of Seoul” for the first time. The phase is meant to strengthen the capacity of residents to engage in community activity roughly one year in advance and afterword evaluate the results. In the meantime, the municipal government is soliciting citizen input and determining final target areas.
Target areas will be selected according to the influence the project will have on the given areas, and are categorized into three types: ▴Economy-based type ▴Urban central area type of neighborhood regeneration ▴General type of neighborhood regeneration
The Economy-based type is aimed at reinforcing regional competitiveness by selecting areas with key facilities on the municipal and national levels, such as a railway service. Urban central area type of neighborhood regeneration is aimed at revitalizing history, culture, and tourism hubs. Candidate areas for the Economy-based type and Urban central area type of neighborhood regeneration will be determined based on suggestions from autonomous districts. The process of ascertaining public opinion will include running an idea contest to citizens so as to gather a variety of ideas and form a social consensus about the necessity of urban renewal and revitalization.
The General type of neighborhood regeneration is aimed at revitalizing declined residential areas and local businesses. After selecting 20 candidate areas according to public input from residents, final target areas for the urban renewal and revitalization project will be determined based on the results of the capacity building programs for the residents, such as a program for suggesting regional agendas and increasing citizens’ ability to have their voices help determine the future of the city.