Go to Main Content Go to Footer Content

Press Releases

A A
  • Seoul opens to the public the draft handwriting of the Korean Declaration of Independence, dubbed as the seed of independence by Cho So-Ang

  • SMG 91
    • Seoul celebrates 100th anniversary of the Korean Declaration of Independence on February 1 at Seoul City Hall
    • Korean people’s first Declaration of Independence announced 100 years ago serves as the foundation for independence
    • Together with the ceremony, events such as distributing wheat seeds to encourage people’s patriotism to take place at Seoul Plaza

    SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA, February 1st, 2019 — Mulling over the sense of loving the nation by remembering the first step towards independence. On February 1, the Seoul Metropolitan Government discloses the draft handwriting of the Korean Declaration of Independence drafted by Cho So-Ang (1887~1958) at the ceremony to celebrate its 100th anniversary.

    Cho So-Ang is an activist for independence and political philosopher who advocated the principle of balance among three equalities (Samgyunjueui) including politics, economy and education to attain equality among individuals, (Korean) people and the nation and took this principle as the state-building ideology for the establishment of the Korean Provisional government.

    This event which opens on February 1 at the Seoul City Hall is organized to spread the historical meaning and importance of the Declaration of Independence with the advent of the100th anniversary. From 2016, the Seoul Metropolitan Government hosted the commemoration projects for the March 1st Independence Movement, and 100th anniversary of the Korean Declaration of Independence.

    As a part of the project, the city government sponsors the 100th anniversary ceremony celebrating the Korean Declaration of Independence and will open to the public Cho So-Ang’s handwritten draft of the Korean Declaration of Independence.

    The Korean Declaration of Independence is the first declaration of independence for the Koreans and has served as the basis of important historic documents in Korea including the Rules of Establishment for the Korean Provisional Government, the Declaration for the Korean Independence Army, and Declaration of War against Japan.

    The Korean Declaration of Independence announced on February 1, 1919 in Jilin, northeast of China by 39 independence activists in Manchuria and Russia asking for independence of Korea had an impact on the February 8 Declaration of Independence and the March 1 Independence Manifesto.

    Immediately after the ceremony, an event of distributing wheat seed will take place from noon for 30 minutes at Seoul Plaza. The wheat seeds to be distributed to the public hold a symbolic meaning that the Korean Declaration of Independence served as the seed for the February 8 Declaration of Independence and the March 1 Independence Manifesto.

    The public who pass by Seoul Plaza on February 1 will have another opportunity to participate in chanting the military songs including the Independence Army song and March through the Amnokgang River and better understand what the 100 anniversary of Declaration of Independence means.

    The handwritten draft of Declaration of Independence by Cho So-Ang may also be viewed at the 100 Years of the Democratic Republican Regime in the Republic of Korea designed as part of the projects commemorating 100 years of March 1 Independence Movement.