The Seoul Metropolitan Government (SMG) translated and distributed a guidebook on food waste separation and disposal in ten languages (English, Chinese, Vietnamese, Japanese, Russian, Mongolian, French, Malay, Hindi, and Thai) for the annually increasing number of foreigners residing and sojourning in Seoul, which include multicultural families, foreign residents, migrant workers and tourists.
<Number of foreign residents in 2018-2019>
<Number of foreign residents by autonomous district(gu) in 2019>
Due to fees levied on foreign residents by autonomous districts with large foreigner populations for disposal of waste and continuously reported civil complaints such as disputes between residents, the SMG distributed guidebooks to SMG offices, headquarters and departments as well as autonomous district offices, investment and funding institutions, and offices of education for instructions on how to dispose food waste.
Furthermore, the SMG improved the food waste disposal standard due to the increasing confusion of distinguishing “items not to be disposed as food waste” which differ by each autonomous district, and encouraged each district to amend relevant regulations.
The food waste separation and disposal standard will integrate all “items not to be disposed as food waste” by all 25 autonomous districts of Seoul, and the outline for food waste disposal will be made available to foreign residents.
(Seoul standard / Apr. 16, 2020)
|Type||Items not to be disposed as food waste|
|Vegetables||Roots of chives, green onions, water celery, etc.|
|Skins of onions, garlic, ginger, corn, etc.|
|Pepper stalks, corn stalks, garlic scapes, etc.|
|Fruit||Hard shells of walnuts, chestnuts, peanuts, acorns, coconuts, pineapples, etc.|
|Seeds of drupes such as peaches, apricots, and persimmons|
|Meat||Hair and bones of cow, pig, chickens, etc.|
|Fish||Shells of shellfish such as clams, horned turban, abalone, common cockle, sea pineapple, and oysters|
|Shells of crustaceans such as crabs and lobsters|
|Poisonous foods such as swellfish intestines|
|Shells||Egg, duck egg, quail egg, ostrich egg shells|
|Grounds||Various tea (e.g. green tea) grounds, medicinal herb grounds|
|Other||Any object that cannot be mixed with food such as gum, vinyl (plastic bags), bottle caps, wooden toothpicks, paper, foil, straws, plastic spoons, plastics, rubber gloves, iron, spoons, chopsticks, pieces of glass, metals, rocks, rope, clothes, any type of vinyl, etc.|
※ Objects improperly disposed as food waste can break machine equipment and prevent the recycling of resources
□ How to properly dispose food waste
○ Fully remove water (moisture) and impurities (e.g. mud, dirt) before disposing food waste in the designated food waste containers (large volume-based machines, RFID volume-based machines) or designated food waste bags
○ Wash salty foods like kimchi, soybean paste, and gochujang (Korean chili paste) with water before disposal
○ Finely chop green onion peels and large vegetables like whole radishes, whole cabbages, and whole pumpkins before disposing, as large or long pieces may break machine equipment