On April 5, Seoul City finalized and announced its “Basic Plan for the Development of Seoul City 2030,” which defines the city’s spatial structure from the long-term perspective and the direction to be pursued regarding its long-term development. The plan has been prepared based on analyses of the city’s internal and external environments as conceived twenty years from now.
The Basic Plan for the Development of Seoul City constitutes a supreme legal plan concerning the city’s urban spatial plans, and sets the direction for the development of the city’s physical environment, covering such areas as land use, housing, transportation, parks and greenery. The plan presents future values and spearheads the formation of frameworks according to the growth phase of Seoul.
Whereas the existing Basic Plan for the Development of Seoul City 2020 focused on the “healing and recovery” of problems stemming from the period of rapid development and growth, including the cultivation of sub-city centers such as Sangam and Yongsan, and on the balanced development of the southern and northern districts of the Hangang River, the Basic Plan for the Development of Seoul City 2030 adopts the “Habitable Global Green Seoul” paradigm as the city’s future vision for twenty years from now, and presents it accordingly.
First, the plan suggests that Seoul, which has seen the development of two main pillars, namely the downtown area and Gangnam, thus far, should make the transition towards a three-pillar cityscape, via the addition of Yeongdeungpo as the financial hub.
Second, the city will be reestablished as the center for all functions and roles related to the extensive Seoul metropolitan region. Seoul City announced that from now on the Seoul Metropolitan Government, Gyeonggi-do and Incheon must move forward together in an urban development scheme under which they can cooperate with each other in the context of the Greater Seoul metropolitan region.
Third, the plan divides the roles of the cores and hubs to ensure that the city contributes to improving the quality of life of the inhabitants of Seoul and the greater metropolitan region, by allowing the city to expand its urban service functions, which have been assumed by the conventional downtown and sub-city centers, and center them on eight wide-area link hubs and five local hubs.
In order to reinforce the practicality of the basic plan for the development, Seoul City has strengthened its feedback and adjustment system based on the monitoring of various spatial development policies. It has also adopted “four core concepts” for the future development of the city: Competitive Global Seoul; Attractive History and Culture Seoul; Sharing, Happy Seoul; and Eco-friendly Green Seoul.
Mayor of Seoul Oh Se-hoon said, “Through a Mega-city Urban Planning Scheme, under which the city will share and cooperate with neighboring autonomous provincial and metropolitan governments, Seoul will seek to prepare itself for an era where large metropolitan regions compete with each other, and lay the foundations to create jobs and assure balanced regional development through the cultivation of wide-area hubs.”