Awareness surrounding the rights and systems that exist to protect children’s human rights has raised since 2012.
Seoul City released the 2017 Survey on Rights of the Children and Youths on the subject, including the results of the survey. This survey was addressed to 4,252 children and youths, parents, teachers, and facility workers last June-July, and was based on their level of human rights awareness and related requests, as well as their experience of children’s rights over the previous year.
Based on the Seoul Ordinance on Human Rights of Children and Juveniles (2012) enacted to promote the human rights of children and youths in Seoul, the purpose of this study was to examine and guarantee their right and install a system in accordance with the specificity and timeliness of their human rights environment. The results of this 2017 survey include a comparison and an analysis of the results of the 2012 Survey on Rights of the Children and Youths.
The results show how the situation has improved since the implementation of the Seoul Ordinance on Human Rights of Children and Juveniles (2012) by checking (1) the level of awareness surrounding the rights of children and youths and the respect for human rights by adults, (2) how much domestic corporal punishment is allowed (the degree), and (3) the passing rate of facility workers and children and youths during educational programs on human rights.
A higher awareness level was notable as 57.9% of the children who said they had heard about children and youths’ rights, compared to 44.7% of the respondents in 2012.
In particular, 53.6% of the respondents said that they had written a labor contract in case of a youth part-time job (youth employment) and 57.4% said they had written parental consent, up by 29.8%p and 17.2%p respectively since 2012 (23.8% and 40.2%). This shows that the basic procedures for the implementation of youth labor rights are gradually being prepared.
What do the children and youths of Seoul want to guarantee their fundamental, human rights?
In first place, both the children and youths of Seoul asked for the creation of an environment that respects human rights (20% for children, and 17.8% for youths). After that, children asked for an “more facilities for children and youths (10.9%),” and an “more physical training facilities (9.1%).” Youths, on the other hand, wished for “more leisure and cultural facilities (10.4%),” and a “society in which the youths’ voices are heard and reflected (10%).”
This survey consisted of 35 questions that included details of the human rights environment, rights awareness, and related desires, including in everyday life experiences such as at home, in the community, or at school. People could either take the survey upon visit, through mail, or online.