The Seoul Metropolitan Government announced its plan for “Zero Landfilling of Garbage up to 2017” to fundamentally resolve the horrible odor and seeping wastewater issues that have been causing problems for not only the environment but for the residents of the areas near landfills. The project focuses on Seoul citizens personally reducing their garbage output through changes in lifestyle at home, school, and work, minimizing the waste of recyclable resources, and reforming the waste treatment process.
For Reduction Innovation, 25 districts will carry out a number of multifaceted projects to reduce municipal solid waste by 600 tons per day by 2016.
To accomplish this, the Seoul Metropolitan Government will implement the “Public Treatment Waste Management System by District” in January 2015, where each district will be given a target waste reduction amount. Districts that meet the target will be exempted from paying waste treatment fees while districts that do not meet the target will have to pay over twice as much.
The city government will also work with large-scale convenience stores to reduce 90 percent of municipal waste by preventing the waste of recyclable items, such as paper, plastic, vinyl, and glass. Through this plan, about 20,000 places, including hotels, distribution centers, and other businesses, with floor spaces of over 1000 m2 that produce a huge amount of waste, will be required to separate their trash and recyclables.
Korea Environment Corporation Report on Types of Waste (2012-2013) (Unit : %)
Since it is difficult to build new resource recovery facilities, fundamental innovation will focus on expanding the incineration capacity of the existing facilities by 2017 (to 150 tons per day), sharing the facilities with other local governments (250 tons per day), and installing facilities to sort flammable waste (300 tons per day).
Citizen participatory cultural innovation will be led by the “Citizen’s Campaign Headquarters to Reduce Waste,” which will be established in December 2014. The headquarters will be composed of representatives from all areas, including civil organizations, occupation associations, religious organizations, academic institutions, and the media, as well as ordinary citizens.
“It is realistically difficult to find facilities that can replace the landfills in Seoul, which is a necessary infrastructure for the 2.5 million residents of the Seoul Metropolitan Area,” said Mayor Park. “We will do our best to reduce waste and expand the existing processing systems and work with the 25 districts and Seoul citizens to realize zero landfilling of municipal waste. We will focus on eco-friendly management of the landfills as well.”
1. Waste Production and Treatment (as of the end of Dec 2012)
♣ Amount of Waste
• Total amount of waste produced per day is 37,843 tons, of which 9,189 tons are municipal solid waste, making up 24 percent of the total waste
|Category||Total||Municipal Solid Waste||Industrial Waste||Construction|
|Waste Quantity (%)||37,843||9,189(24%)||1,924(5%)||26,730(71%)|
• Municipal solid waste has been decreasing continuously. The amount of waste produced by an individual is also declining.
|Waste produced per day||11,446||11,337||10,020||9,440||9,189|
|Waste produced per person1||1.1||1.09||0.95||0.9||0.88|
• Municipal solid waste is recycled (65%), incinerated (27%), dumped in landfills (8%).
(Unit: ton/day (%))
|Waste Quantity||Disposed using volume-rate disposal bag||Recycled|
2 Treatment Facilities
• Landfill: License period 1992-2016, currently 55% full.
(If Landfill Sites 3 and 4 are available, landfills can be used until after 2044)
|Category||Total||Landfill Site 1||Landfill Site 2||Landfill Site 3||Landfill Site 4||Others|
|Landfill Site Area|
|Period||Feb 1992-||Feb 1992-|
• Resource Recovery Facility: Four facilities, 2,850 tons/day.
|Total||2,850||2,446||86||57,787||Total 22 districts|
|Mar 1996||339||85||9,830||Yangcheon, Gangseo,|
|Ap 1997||638||80||14,577||Nowon, Jungnang, |
|Jan 2002||826||92||20,900||Gangnam, Seongdong,|
Gwangjin, Dongjak, Seocho,
Songpa, Gangdong, Gwanak
|June 2005||643||86||12,480||Mapo, Jung, Yongsang,|
※ Guro-gu and Eunpyeong-gu use the facilities in Gwangmyeong and Eunpyeong New Town. Geumcheon-gu does not use the facilities.
• Food Waste Treatment Facilities: Five facilities, 1,360 tons/day.
|Type||Treatment Capacity||Used Districts|
|Gangdong (Godeok-dong)||Animal feed||360||Gangdong, Gangnam, Gwangjin,|
Dongjak, Seongdong, Eunpyeong,
|Dobong (Dobong-dong)||Animal feed||150||Dobong|
|松坡（長旨洞）||Animal feed||450||Jung-gu, Songpa, Dongjak, Seongdong, Gangnam, Yangcheon|
(In Nanji Sewage Treatment
|Fertilizer||300||Jongno, Seodaemun, Eunpyeong, Mapo|
※ Private Facilities (Gyeonggi․Chungcheong Provinces): 32 facilities, approx. 2,000 tons/day.
Main Projects of the “Zero Landfilling of Garbage until 2017” Program
|Establishment of the “Citizen’s Campaign Headquarters to Reduce Waste” (expected to be created in Dec 2014).|
of 600 tons
|Public Treatment Facility |
Waste Quantity Management System
|Reduce 600 tons/day by 2016.|
|Recycling Station||-983 stations in 56 neighborhoods in 2014 →|
9,100 stations in 370 neighborhoods by 2018.
|Reinforcement of Separation|
of Trash at Mass Disposal Facilities
|– Manage plans for waste reduction, increase to 18,287|
facilities by 2018.
|Recycling Scraps of Sewn Fabric||– Establish fabric scrap collection system, work with textile industry.|
|Strengthening of Separating|
|-Establish preliminary screening system for volume|
-rate disposal bags used in public facilities and convenience
stores open for 24 hours.
|Increasing Recycling in Public Offices||-Expand to 1,400 public offices and also to private offices.|
|Recycling More Electronic Waste||-Procure public collecting site for large electronic waste,|
increase electronic waste collection rate from apartments
and private companies.
|Reducing Excessive Packaging and the|
Use of Disposable Products
|-Inspect 97 excessive packaging facilities and 149,066|
facilities using disposable products.
|Improving the Proxy System |
and Imposing Fines by Volume-Rate
|-Independent profit system → merit system,|
free competition system.
|Stricter Prevention of Violations|
Regarding the Volume-Rate Disposal System
|-Implement special accountant ordinances to prevent|
illegal waste disposal in districts.
|Reducing Food Waste||-Installing RFID waste bins at apartment complexes,|
diversification of reduction methods.
|Expansion of Public Food Waste|
|-Expansion of public treatment facilities: two new,|
|Improvement of 700|
tons of treatment
|Promoting Resource Recovery|
Facilities Performance Improvement
|-Improve performance of Resource Recovery|
Facilities in Mapo and Gangnam to handle 150 tons per day.
|Sharing Resource Recovery|
Facilities among Districts
in the Seoul Metropolitan Area
|– Shared use of Resource Recovery Facilities in Icheon,|
Yangju, Paju to handle 250 tons per day.
|Sorting and Reducing the Amount|
of Waste to be Incinerated
|-Set up facilities to handle 300|
tons per day at the Gangnam Resource Recovery
|Recycling Flammable Waste||-Develop applicable technologies|
through international technology contests, etc.
|Increase Recycling on|
|– 200 schools by 2016, 1,000 schools by 2018.|
|Creating Zero-Waste Village||– Create over 25 villages by 2016.|
|Foster Future Leaders to|
Promote Recycling Culture
|– Work with about 24,000 Energy|
guardian angels from 557 schools.
|Improve Food Culture in Restaurants||– “Just Enough Amount” Campaign for restaurants.|
|Reduce Waste, Promote Recycling||– Citizen participatory campaign, |
create symbolic images and slogans.
|“Foster Resource Cycle Leaders, |
the “Zero-Waste Culture Ambassadors”
|-Foster 4,000 people by 2018.|