With diverse changes in overseas and domestic conditions, energy policies should face the time of transformation. Not only Korea but also other major advanced countries are pursuing a shift in their energy policies. Seoul has oriented itself towards the reduction of greenhouse gases and the expansion of renewable energy to respond to the energy crisis. As the city appointed sunlight–energy that is free of particulate matter and greenhouse gases as well as capable of being sustainably supplied–as its new driving force for growth, Seoul will be conducting the Sunlight 1GW Supply Project to turn itself into a city that produces sustainable energy.
Additionally, Seoul set the goal to distribute mini power plants with 1-GW sunlight generation capacity to 1 million households and achieve a 3% sunlight generation ratio. The city will aim for the distribution of sunlight power plants to 1 million households, the establishment of solar plants at 100% of available public sites, the enhancement of the industrialization of solar power as the new driving force for growth, and the expansion of citizen participation. The expected effects are the replacement of the electricity annually supplied to 310,000 households with solar-generated power and a reduction of 54,000 tons of greenhouse gases.
In 2014, Seoul was the first in the nation to begin a veranda-type sunlight generation supply project with the goal of distributing mini sunlight generation plants to 1 million households. The city announced the “2022 Comprehensive Plan for the City of Solar Power” in 2017 as the first local government in the nation to support a solar generation plant rental service for detached houses.
With the announcement of the “2022 Comprehensive Plan for the City of Solar Power,” Seoul offered support for the central/local government expenditures to fire stations, Arisu Water Purification Center, and community health centers as a way to distribute sunlight generation plants in public sites. Besides this, the city prepared the foundation for the expansion of solar power plants at public facilities through private-public cooperation and is maintaining a collaborative relationship with related institutions including the offices of education, schools, cooperatives, and companies for the vitalization of solar power plants in schools. Seoul is making efforts to construct solar power landmarks according to each region and increase the number of solar power plants that are designed in consideration of the urban landscape. The city is now pursuing the construction of solar power landmarks using the urban infrastructure.
Seoul has distributed mini sunlight generation plants to 170,000 households as of the end of 2018 and is supporting energy welfare through the free distribution of mini solar power plants to security offices of small-scale apartments and the establishment of small-scale sunlight generation facilities. Also, Seoul has been providing a one-stop service through the establishment of the Sunlight Generation Support Center in March 2018.