Welfare

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About the Disabled

Disabled people are those who considerably suffer in daily life due to physical and mental disabilities, such as physical organ disorders, retarded mental development, or mental disease.

  • Disability types were expanded to 10 from 5 in 2000, and to 15 from 10 in 2003.
  • Registered disability types were expanded from the initial 5 (retardation, vision, hearing, language, and intellectual) in 1988, by 5 types (encephalopathy, autism, mental, kidney, and heart) in 2000, and by 5 types (respiratory organ, liver, face, intestinal fistula/urinary fistula, and epilepsy) in 2003; thus bringing the total to 15 types, 90% of which are due to acquired causes (diseases, traffic accidents, etc.).

Issuance of registration certificates

Registered disabled people can have a disabled person registration certificate or a disabled person welfare card issued (“disabled person registration certificate, etc.”). A disabled person registration card has no credit card or debit card functions, unlike a disabled person welfare card.

Required budget

2011

  • Promoting human rights  : -
  • Creating jobs  : 19,246
  • Improving the environment for the disabled : 82,035
  • Laying the groundwork for Self-support : 104,623
  • Bolstering education and culture : 81,511
  • Total : 222,732

2012

  • Promoting human rights  : 549
  • Creating jobs  : 30,854
  • Improving the environment for the disabled : 101,608
  • Laying the groundwork for Self-support : 148,610
  • Bolstering education and culture : 21,365
  • Total : 302,986

 

2013

  • Promoting human rights  : 6,823
  • Creating jobs  : 31,202
  • Improving the environment for the disabled : 159,304
  • Laying the groundwork for Self-support : 159,822
  • Bolstering education and culture : 20,747
  • Total : 377,898

2014

  • Promoting human rights  : 9,365
  • Creating jobs  : 34,417
  • Improving the environment for the disabled : 167,819
  • Laying the groundwork for Self-support : 168,415
  • Bolstering education and culture : 22,571
  • Total : 402,523

Welfare Policy for the Disabled

Policy vision(Seoul as Hope City where disabilities are not an inconvenience)

Policy objectives·20 major tasks

Promoting human rights
  • 1. Lay the groundwork for guaranteeing human rights
  • 2. Raise awareness of disabled people
  • 3. Guarantee the safety of disabled people
  • 4. Establish government-private sector cooperation system
Creating jobs
  • 5. Create jobs for disabled people
  • 6. Bolster support for occupational rehabilitation
  • 7. Expand jobs for disabled youth
  • 8. Preferentially purchase life necessity products made by disabled people

Improving the environment for the disabled
  • 9. Expand convenience facilities
  • 10. Improve the convenience of transportation services
  • 11. Expand buildings without obstacles
  • 12. Reinforce support for communications
Laying the groundwork for self-support
  • 13. Support communities to strengthen self-support functions
  • 14. Guarantee residential housing
  • 15. Expand support for seriously disabled people
  • 16. Expand assistive engineering services
  • 17. Improve health
Bolster education and culture
  • 18. Provide special education to disabled children
  • 19. Provide lifetime education to disabled adults
  • 20. Enhance culture and sports activities

Hope Number for Disabled

  • 10,000,000(KRW): Expanding the support fund for settlement after leaving the facilities
  • 132,000(People): Expanding the number of beneficiaries among seriously disabled people
  • 7,500(Job): Creating jobs in conjunction with private sectors
  • 3,113(Bus): Expanding the number of low-bed buses for the better protection of disabled people
  • 732(Facility): Expanding the number of weekly or short-term protection facilities, experience homes, and rental houses, among other community-specific residential facilities
  • 120(People): Fostering sign language interpreters majoring in medicine and law
  • 90(%): Percentage of installing convenience facilities for disabled people
  • 18(Age): Bolstering the screening of disabled children 18 years old or younger for admission to residential facilities (providing rehabilitation services within communities)
  • 5(People): Gradually reducing the number of people residing per room in residential facilities (reducing the number of persons per room from 18 to 5)
  • 4(Point): Adding advantageous bid scores to private companies that have employed disabled people
  • 1(Count): Enforce the one-strike-out system of disapproving facilities committing even one-time human rights violation against disabled people.