Welfare

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Information as of 21 Feb, 2017

About the Disabled

Disabled people are those who considerably suffer in daily life due to physical and mental disabilities, such as physical organ disorders, retarded mental development, or mental disease.

  • Disability types were expanded to 10 from 5 in 2000, and to 15 from 10 in 2003.
  • Registered disability types were expanded from the initial 5 (retardation, vision, hearing, language, and intellectual) in 1988, by 5 types (encephalopathy, autism, mental, kidney, and heart) in 2000, and by 5 types (respiratory organ, liver, face, intestinal fistula/urinary fistula, and epilepsy) in 2003; thus bringing the total to 15 types, 90% of which are due to acquired causes (diseases, traffic accidents, etc.).

Issuance of registration certificates

Registered disabled people can have a disabled person registration certificate or a disabled person welfare card issued (“disabled person registration certificate, etc.”). A disabled person registration card has no credit card or debit card functions, unlike a disabled person welfare card.

Required budget

2011

  • Promoting human rights  : -
  • Creating jobs  : 19,246
  • Improving the environment for the disabled : 82,035
  • Laying the groundwork for Self-support : 104,623
  • Bolstering education and culture : 81,511
  • Total : 222,732

2012

  • Promoting human rights  : 549
  • Creating jobs  : 30,854
  • Improving the environment for the disabled : 101,608
  • Laying the groundwork for Self-support : 148,610
  • Bolstering education and culture : 21,365
  • Total : 302,986

 

2013

  • Promoting human rights  : 6,823
  • Creating jobs  : 31,202
  • Improving the environment for the disabled : 159,304
  • Laying the groundwork for Self-support : 159,822
  • Bolstering education and culture : 20,747
  • Total : 377,898

2014

  • Promoting human rights  : 9,365
  • Creating jobs  : 34,417
  • Improving the environment for the disabled : 167,819
  • Laying the groundwork for Self-support : 168,415
  • Bolstering education and culture : 22,571
  • Total : 402,523

Welfare Policy for the Disabled

Policy vision(Seoul as Hope City where disabilities are not an inconvenience)

Policy objectives·20 major tasks

Promoting human rights
  • 1. Lay the groundwork for guaranteeing human rights
  • 2. Raise awareness of disabled people
  • 3. Guarantee the safety of disabled people
  • 4. Establish government-private sector cooperation system
Creating jobs
  • 5. Create jobs for disabled people
  • 6. Bolster support for occupational rehabilitation
  • 7. Expand jobs for disabled youth
  • 8. Preferentially purchase life necessity products made by disabled people

Improving the environment for the disabled
  • 9. Expand convenience facilities
  • 10. Improve the convenience of transportation services
  • 11. Expand buildings without obstacles
  • 12. Reinforce support for communications
Laying the groundwork for self-support
  • 13. Support communities to strengthen self-support functions
  • 14. Guarantee residential housing
  • 15. Expand support for seriously disabled people
  • 16. Expand assistive engineering services
  • 17. Improve health
Bolster education and culture
  • 18. Provide special education to disabled children
  • 19. Provide lifetime education to disabled adults
  • 20. Enhance culture and sports activities

Hope Number for Disabled

  • 10,000,000(KRW): Expanding the support fund for settlement after leaving the facilities
  • 132,000(People): Expanding the number of beneficiaries among seriously disabled people
  • 7,500(Job): Creating jobs in conjunction with private sectors
  • 3,113(Bus): Expanding the number of low-bed buses for the better protection of disabled people
  • 732(Facility): Expanding the number of weekly or short-term protection facilities, experience homes, and rental houses, among other community-specific residential facilities
  • 120(People): Fostering sign language interpreters majoring in medicine and law
  • 90(%): Percentage of installing convenience facilities for disabled people
  • 18(Age): Bolstering the screening of disabled children 18 years old or younger for admission to residential facilities (providing rehabilitation services within communities)
  • 5(People): Gradually reducing the number of people residing per room in residential facilities (reducing the number of persons per room from 18 to 5)
  • 4(Point): Adding advantageous bid scores to private companies that have employed disabled people
  • 1(Count): Enforce the one-strike-out system of disapproving facilities committing even one-time human rights violation against disabled people.