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Information as of 21 Feb, 2017

What is Hanok?

  • Hanok refers to buildings and auxiliary architectural structures constructed in the traditional Korean style (i.e., consisting of pillars and beams made of wood and roof frames using natural materials such as traditional Korean-style roof tiles, straws, wood, and soil. [Article 2.16, Enforcement Decree of the Building Act]
  • Major structures are made out of wood. Hanok buildings and auxiliary facilities carry the beauty of traditional Korean architecture by using traditional Korean roof tiles. [Article 2.1, Seoul City Hanok Preservation & Promotion Ordinance]

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The table below shows areas in Seoul with high concentrations of hanok buildings.

Insa-dong

  • Area (㎡) : 122,200
  • Number of Buildings(Hanok/non-Hanok) : 471(158/313)
  • Date of Designation : Mar.5, 2009

Bukchon

  • Area (㎡) : 1,076,302
  • Number of Buildings(Hanok/non-Hanok) : 2,782(1,233/1,549)
  • Date of Designation : Jul.2, 2002

 

Donhwamun-ro

  • Area (㎡) : 137,430
  • Number of Buildings(Hanok/non-Hanok) : 715(146/569)
  • Date of Designation : Mar.5, 2009

West of Gyeongbokgung Palace

  • Area (㎡) : 582,297
  • Number of Buildings(Hanok/non-Hanok) : 2,136(668/1,468)
  • Date of Designation : Jun.24, 2010.

 

Unhyeongung Palace

  • Area (㎡) : 226,134
  • Number of Buildings(Hanok/non-Hanok) : 468(153/315)
  • Date of Designation : Mar.5, 2009

Total

  • Area (㎡) : 2,144,363
  • Number of Buildings(Hanok/non-Hanok) : 6,572(2,358/4,214)

Hanok Conservation Area

The Seoul Metropolitan Government is implementing the Hanok conservation policy by setting up a 10-year plan for the preservation of hanok in Seoul (targets the preservation of 4,500 buildings).

10-year plan –  Areas within the four main gates of Seoul

  • Number of preserved hanok : 2,300
  • Loss control : 680
  • Number of newly constructed hanok : 100
  • Number of hanok to be preserved : 3,080

10-year plan – Areas outside the four main gates of Seoul

  • Preservation  support : 850
  • Loss control : 420
  • Number of newly constructed hanok : 150
  • Number of hanok to be preserved : 1,420

Total

  • Preservation  support : 3,150
  • Loss control : 1,100
  • Number of newly constructed hanok : 250
  • Number of hanok to be preserved : 4,500

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The city’s subsidy for repair and construction work is reducing the indiscriminate loss of hanok and preserving the scenic view of Bukchon Hanok Village. The city provides up to KRW 1 hundred million in financial support per hanok, an amount which varies slightly depending on the type of hanok and whether it is located in a hanok-dense area (Bukchon, west of Gyeongbokgung Palace, Insa-dong, Donhwamun-ro, and Unhyeongung Palace).The hanok and non-hanok in these areas are purchased and repaired by the city of Seoul, after with the purchased hanok are managed by and entrusted to private citizens to promote traditional culture.