Operational status of intra-city and Maeul buses
Company, bus and operating lines
- Intra-city bus : No. of Companies 70, No. of vehicles 7,416, No. of Bus Lines 390
- Shuttle bus : No. of Companies 129, No. of vehicles 1,449, No. of Bus Lines 226
- Roadside stops : 5,712 stops ( 1,489 bus stop shelters, 351 BIT)
- Main road stops : 326 stops (763 bus stop shelters, 324 BIT)
- 10 publicly managed points, 56 self-managed points, 30 (including business offices) rented points
Bus fares (2012. 2. 25 ~ )
Blue & Green Bus
- Adult : Card 1,050(won), Cash 1,150(won)
- Youth : Card 720(won), Cash 1,000(won)
- Child : Card 450(won), Cash 450(won)
- Adult : Card 850(won), Cash 950(won)
- Youth : Card 560(won), Cash 800(won)
- Child : Card 350(won), Cash 350(won)
- Adult : Card 1,850(won), Cash 1,950(won)
- Youth : Card 1,360(won), Cash 1,800(won)
- Child : Card 1,200(won), Cash 1,200(won)
- Adult : Card 750(won), Cash 850(won)
- Youth : Card 480(won), Cash 550(won)
- Child : Card 300(won), Cash 300(won)
Bus Line System
Seoul Metro buses are categorized into 5 different types, each with its own operational characteristics.
- Blue Line : Connects regions in suburbs, downtown areas, sub-centers. Secures rapidity and punctuality. / Blue
- Green Line : Transfers between Blue Bus and Subway. Covers transportation needs within the region and secures accessibility. / Green
- Yellow Line : Lanes between downtown and sub-center areas.Covers business and shopping needs within the region. / Yellow
- Red Line : Connects metropolitan areas to downtown areas.Absorbs demand for car use in influx and efflux of city borders. / Red
- Maeul Bus : Auxiliary service of Green Bus service.Connects to close bus stops and subway stations. / Green
Intra-city buses are marked with a 2~4 digit number according to their departure and destination points.
Map of Seoul City Station Regions
- 0 권역 : 종로, 중구, 용산
- 1 권역 : 도봉, 강북, 성북, 노원
- 2 권역 : 동대문, 중랑, 성동, 광진
- 3 권역 : 강동, 송파
- 4 권역 : 서초, 강남
- 5 권역 : 동작, 관약, 금천
- 6 권역 : 강서, 양천, 구로, 영등포
- 7 권역 : 은평, 마포, 서대문
Semi-Public Bus System
What is the semi-public bus system?
- The semi-public bus system – the nation’s first operating system – was introduced by Seoul in July 2004 under the project to reform the city bus system. It is a dual system combining private operation with public management by the municipal government or public enterprises.
- The semi-public bus system takes its core as amplification of infrastructures, such as reformation of the bus route system, connection with information technology, the total transfer discount plan, vehicles, the bus stops and bus lanes.
- Revenue generated under the semi-public bus system is being controlled together (목적어 필요), and the total cost (annual updating of standard cost by the citizens’ bus policy committee)-income shortfall is covered by the city’s budget.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of the semi-public bus system?
- Since the adoption of the new system, citizens’ benefits have increased due to reduced competition between bus companies, improved treatment of employees, and the newly introduced evaluation and incentive systems.
- Since 2004, the number of traffic accidents has fallen by 48% (1,994 accidents in 2004 → 1,009 accidents in 2011), citizens’ satisfaction with the service has increased by 25.3% (59.2 points in 2006 → 74.26 points in 2011), and a transfer discount of 23,415 million won (2,341,500,000,000 won) has been passed on to citizens who use the city bus service.
- These great results have been spread to Busan, Daegu, Daejeon, Gwangju, and Incheon, the main cities in Korea, and the system has been well received by overseas critics, receiving the Metropolis Award and UITP recognition as well as serving as a role model for public transportation systems in many other countries including Taiwan and Indonesia.
- However, Seoul’s semi-public bus system has inevitably faced a few new difficulties such as a lack of cost-cutting efforts due to the deficit covering by the city, the moral hazards of some of bus company’s representatives, and the heavier financial burden on the city government. Therefore, Seoul TOPIS is working on these problems together with the citizens through active communication.
Financial Support for Maeul (village) Buses
Unlike the intra-city bus service, Maeul bus companies are private enterprises. However, Maeul buses are being run with the support of the city government because they constitute one of the core means of public transportation in Seoul.
- Seoul government is currently supporting loss-makers in order to protect underprivileged citizens’ right to use public transport, and plans to invest 14 billion won (2013 basis) in the Maeul bus companies in order to guarantee running times using BMS and improve bus interiors and employee welfare, such as providing incentives according to a general evaluation of the service.