Disaster Evacuation Tips for Citizens



Fire Prevention

At Home

  • - If the gas boiler vibrates or makes noises, or if the red light is on, DISCONTINUE USE until after it has been serviced.
  • - Make a habit of checking the status of the electricity, gas, and oil facilities before going to sleep.
  • - DO NOT ask children to turn oil-burning stoves on or off.
  • - DO NOT leave the kitchen for long periods of time when using the stove, particularly when deep frying food.
  • - Keep fire extinguishers appropriate for use at home and make sure you know how you use them.

At the Market

  • - Have the building equipped with fire extinguishing facilities and conduct thorough inspections.
  • - DO NOT keep large items in the entryway, so as not to block firefighters.
  • - Cigarettes are often the cause of fires, so please be extra careful when smoking.
  • - DO NOT install electrical facilities without the proper permission or with poorly organized wiring.

Fire Detection

Eyes: Can see smoke and feel stinging sensation.

Ears: Can hear people shouting and the fire alarm ringing.

Nose: Can smell something burning.

Mouth: Can shout “Fire!” to inform other people of the fire.

Skin: Can feel heat.

Fire Evacuation Tips

- Create an evacuation plan in case of fire and practice fire drills at home with your family. If you master the fire evacuation plan, you will have a better chance of saving lives and property in the event of a fire. Wherever you are, whether at home or any public place, make sure you are always aware of the location of the nearest exit.

What to Do in Case of Fire


- Quickly inform others in the area of the fire.

  • Yell “Fire!” or pull the fire alarm and evacuate.

- Quickly get out of the building (house).

  • - In the event of a fire, evacuate as soon as possible in a direction leading away from the fire.
  • - DO NOT hide out of fear.
  • - DO NOT delay your evacuation to take personal items.
  • - Once you are outside, DO NOT attempt to go back into the burning building.
  • - DO NOT use the elevator; take the stairs instead.

- When you have evacuated to a safe place, call 119.

  • - Clearly state the location (address or nearby large building or landmark) of the fire.
  • - Be informed of tall buildings in the area at all times to make it easier for fire fighters to locate the fire.

Evacuating a Smoke-filled Building

- Using a handkerchief or a towel, cover your nose and mouth.

- Stay as low as possible.

- Place your other hand on the wall.

- Quickly move towards an exit.

When Trapped inside a Burning Building


- Do NOT open a door if the door knob is hot.

- Use towels to seal the cracks between the window sills and frames or between doors and door frames.

- Wave a towel outside a window as a to signal rescue workers.