Disaster Evacuation Tips for Citizens

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Information as of 21 Feb, 2017

Precautions to be taken against earthquakes

- Do not put objects that may do you harm inside the house, in case of an earthquake.

- Remember the safest places inside the house, such as under a table or between bearing walls.

- Firmly fix furniture, electric and gas heaters and others.

- Check the condition of the ground around the house.

- Keep in mind what you and your family should do when an earthquake hits.

- Remember the safe places to hide if an earthquake breaks out.

- Know how to use emergency medicine and have emergency food ready. Assign roles for each member of your family in case of an earthquake.

- Make sure the extinguisher is ready to use, in case of fire.

- Familiarize yourself with first aid procedures for emergency.


What to do in case of an earthquake

1) If you are inside

- Put yourself under a solid table and protect your head with a pillow or a cushion.

- Stay calm and if there is a fire, put it out.

- Do not panic, and evacuate the house.

- Keep your doors open to have an exit route.

2) In case of injury

- Rescue workers may be unable to come to your aid immediately, when a large- scale earthquake strikes. Learn first aid procedures in case of emergency.

- Ask for immediate help. Have the injured stay in a stable position. When moving the injured, make sure that the airways are protected and firmly support the head and the injured part of the body.

- Do not hydrate the injured, if he or she is unconscious.

- Engage in CPR, if necessary.

- Put a blanket over the injured to keep him or her moderately warm.

3) If you are outside

- Place objects, such as a bag or your hands, over your head for protection.
- Do not get close to a pole or a pillar.

4) If you are in a shopping mall

- Get to a safe place while following instructions.

- In case of fire, stay low so as not to breathe in smoke.

- In case of an earthquake or fire, use staircases to evacuate, instead of elevators.

- If you are in an elevator, promptly escape from the elevator and evacuate.

5) If you are in a subway train

- Hold a hand strap or a pole securely to not fall down.

- When the train stops and doors are opened, stay calm and evacuate while watching your step.

- Stay calm and follow the subway crew’s instructions. Emergency lights will be on even if the electricity is out.

6) If you are driving a vehicle

- Pull up close to the curb, as it is hard to drive a vehicle during earthquakes. Do not stop your vehicle in an intersection.

- Clear out of the center of the road to stay out of the way of emergency vehicles.

- In a city, vehicles are not allowed to be on the road. Turn on your radio and follow the police’s instructions.

- If you must use a vehicle to evacuate from the area affected by an earthquake, close all windows to prevent flames from getting into the vehicle. Keep the doors unlocked and move immediately.

7) If you are on a mountain or near the seashore

- Avoid places near a mountain or a steep slope, as there may be danger of a landslide.

- Avoid the seashore, as there may be danger of a tsunami. Listen to the local broadcast and follow instructions.

8) When the earthquake stops

- Stay alert for aftershocks, as they may cause critical harm to buildings weakened by the earthquake.

- Have a flashlight available. Make sure that there is no gas leakage before you turn on the gas, as gas leakage may lead to an explosion.

- Be sure to wear sturdy shoes to protect your feet from broken glass pieces.

- Have an expert check the house before you enter it, if you are not certain about the safety of your house.

- Sort out medicines and chemicals scattered or poured out on the floor, but if you are not sure about how to discard them, leave them be.

- Check the status of damages to electric wiring, gas pipes, water pipes and household appliances.

- If you smell or hear a gas leak, evacuate the building after opening the windows. Turn off the main valve, if possible.

- If there is a gas leak, turn off the valve and report it to the utility technician. Do not use it before a thorough inspection from an expert.

- Do not turn on the circuit breaker if an electrical problem is suspected.

- Check the status of sewage pipe before using your flush toilet.

- Carefully open up the closet door, as contents may fall out.

- Refrain from using your telephones or mobile phones, unless there is a life and death situation.

- Pay keen attention to emergency- related news.

- Do not get close to an affected area before the help of rescue workers.