City Competitiveness Index

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Information as of 21 Feb, 2017

GPCI The Mori Memorial Foundation

The Mori Memorial Foundation of Japan began releasing GPCI data in 2008. Announced every October, the GPCI is an indicator of the competitiveness of major cities, and is determined through a survey of 70 detailed indices in 6 sectors: economy, R&D, cultural exchanges, residence, environment, and transportation accessibility. The 70 detailed indices consist of 59 statistical data and 11 questionnaire-based surveys.

Ranking

Indicator 2012
Ranking
Data Source / Note
Statistics Year of Data Download
Population 10,442,426
(persons)
2012 Seoul Statistics / http://stat.seoul.go.kr
Area 605 (km²) 2012 Seoul Statistics / http://stat.seoul.go.kr

Economy

Indicator 2012
Ranking
Data Source / Note
Statistics Year of Data Download
1. GDP (Nominal GDP) 12 282,945
(billion KRW)
2011 Seoul Statistics 2012
2. GDP per Capita 31 25,466
(USD)
2011 Seoul Statistics 2012
3. GDP Growth Rate 12 2.52 (%) ’07-’11 Seoul Statistics 2008-2012
e-National indicators
4. Level of Economic Freedom 25 70.3 2013 Heritage foundation 『2013 Index of Economic Freedom』 (p.1)
5. Total Market Value of Listed Shares on Stock Exchanges 12 1,179,419.5
(million USD)
2012.12 World Federation of Exchanges
World Federation of Exchanges
6. World’s Top 300 Companies 6 8 (companies) 2012 Fortune Global 500
7. Number of Employees 8 5,036,000
(persons)
2012 Seoul Statistics / http://stat.seoul.go.kr
Seoul Statistics / http://stat.seoul.go.kr
8. Number of Employees in Service Industry 4 1,556,160
(persons)
2011 統計庁(http://kosis.kr/eng/)
9. Wage Level 27 54.8 2012 UBS 『Prices and Earnings』 「Wage levels」 (p.9)
10. Easy of Securing Human Resources questionnaire survey
11. Office Space per Employee 31 11.7
(m²/per)
2012 Seoul Statistics / http://stat.seoul.go.kr
Seoul Statistics / http://stat.seoul.go.kr
12. Corporate Tax Rate 9 24.2 (%) 2012 KPMG 「Corporateand Indirect TaxRate Survey」
13. Level of Political, Economic and Business Risk 25 Aa3 2012.8 Moody’s

Research & Development

Indicator 2012
Ranking
Data Source / Note
Statistics Year of Data Download
14. Number of Researchers 3 93,794 (persons) 2011 Seoul Statistics / http://stat.seoul.go.kr
15. World’s Top 200 Universities 21 2 universities 2012-2013 Times Higher Education’s World University Rankings
Seoul National University(59位), Yonsei University(183位)
16. Academic Performance in Mathematics and Science 4 542 2009 OECD 「The Program for International Student Assessment(PISA)」
OECD 「The Program for International Student Assessment(PISA)」
Science : 538, Mathmatics : 546 → average : 542
17. Readiness for Accepting Foreign Researchers questionnaire survey
18. Research & Development Expenditure 10 92,313 (0.1trillion KRW)
8,392 (billion USD)
2011 KISTEP 「2011 Survey of Research and Development in Korea」 (p.15)
19. Number of Registered Industrial Property Rights (Patents) 1 21,376 (件) 2007-2011 WIPO(World Intellectual Property Organization)
KIPO(Korean Intellectual Property Office)
20. Number of Winners of Highly-reputed Prizes (Science and Technology-related Fields) 17 2012 NobelPrize, BalzanPrize, CrafoordPrize, Nevanlinna Prize, Fields Prize
21. Interaction Opportunities between Researchers 23 17 2013 OurGlocal

Culture & Interaction

Indicator 2012
Ranking
Data Source / Note
Statistics Year of Data Download
22. Number of International Conferences Held 6 253 (events) 2012 UIA(Union of International Associations)  
International Meetings Statistics for the Year 2012 (p.3)
23. Number of Large World-Class Cultural Events Held 12 1 2013 IOC, BIE, Film Festival, Fashion Show, open tournament
1_IOC:http://www.olympic.org/
2_BIE:http://www.bie-paris.org/
24. Trade Value of Audiovisual and Related Services 12 270,800,000 (USD) 2011 UN Service Trade 「Audio visual and Related Service」
25. Environment of Creative Activities questionnaire survey
26. Number of World Heritage Sites (within 100㎞ area) 15 5 (sites) 2013 UNESCO World Heritage
27. Opportunities for Cultural, Historical and Traditional Interaction questionnaire survey
28. Number of Theaters and Concert Halls 31 71 (theaters)
285 (concert halls)
2012 Seoul Statistics : Theater (2012)
Seoul Statistics : Concert Halls (2012)
29. Number of Museums 24 148 (locations) 2012 Seoul Statistics : Museums (2012)
Art Gallery : 34 / Museum : 114 → Total : 148 places
30. Number of Stadiums 9 16 2013 Worldstadiums.com
31. Number of Guest Rooms in Luxury Hotels 11 12,098 (rooms) 2013 Yahoo Travel
Expedia
Fivestar Alliance
32. Number of Hotels 27 292 (Expedia) 2013 Same as above
33. Level of Satisfaction with Shopping questionnaire survey
34. Level of Satisfaction with Dining questionnaire survey
35. Number of Foreign Residents 15 247,108 (persons) 2012 Korea Immigration Service, Ministry of Justice
Korea Immigration Service STATISTICS 2012, p.390
36. Number of Visitors from Abroad 7 11,140,000 (persons) 2012 Seoul Statistics / http://stat.seoul.go.kr
37. Number of International Students 10 21,185 (persons) 2012 Seoul Statistics / http://stat.seoul.go.kr

Livebility

Indicator 2012
Ranking
Data Source / Note
Statistics Year of Data Download
38. Total Unemployment Rate 3 2011 OECD Factbook 2013 (p.143)
Economic, Environmental and Social Statistics
39. Level of Employee for their Life Satisfaction 39 2012 UBS “Prices and Earnings” 「Working Hours per Year」 (p.30)
40. Level of Employee Life Satifaction questionnaire survey
41. Average Home Rent 33 2,810 (USD/month (avg.))
2,640 (USD/month (med.))
2012 UBS 『Prices and Earnings』 「Apartment Rents」 (p.19)
42. Price Level (compared to New York) 12 67.8 (%) 2012 UBS 『Prices and Earnings』 「Prices exel.rent」 (p.8)
43. Number of Murders per Population 26 17.1 (件/100万人) 2012 Seoul Statistics / http://stat.seoul.go.kr
179件×1,000,000人÷10,442,426人(2012) = 17.1 case/1million people
44. Disaster Vulnerability 16 7.2 2007 Munich Re 『Natural hazard Risk Index for megacities』 「Vulnerability」
45. Healthy Life Expectancy 22 81 (years) 2011 WHO 「World Health Statistics : Healthy Life Expectancy」 (p.54)
46. Maturity of Community 28 · Threat of civil unrest/conflict
· Threat of terror
· Level of corruption
· Social/Religious restrictions
· Level of censorship (
: Acceptable
: Tolerable
: Uncomfortable
: Acceptable
: Tolerable)
2010 EIU Livability Survey
「Threat of civil unrest/conflict」
「Threat of terror」
「Level of corruption」
「Social/Religious restrictions」
「Level of censorship」
※ EIU 『Global Liveability Survey』 2013.2 (p.125)
47. Number of Medical Doctors per Population 29 2,718 (人/100万人) 2012 Seoul Statistics / http://stat.seoul.go.kr
28,831人×1,000,000人÷10,442,426人(2012) = 2,718 per/1million people
48. Population Density 4 17,254 (per/km²) 2012 Seoul Statistics / http://stat.seoul.go.kr
49. Number of International Schools per Foreign Population 14 1 (校/10,000人) 2013 WASC
ACSI
CIS
IB
※ Ministry of Education
50. Variety of Retail Shops questionnaire survey
51. Variety of Restaurants questionnaire survey

Environment

Indicator 2012
Ranking
Data Source / Note
Statistics Year of Data Download
52. Number of Companies with ISO 14001 Certification 3 2,731 2011 ISO
10,925 companies (Korea) × 25% = 2,731 (Seoul)
53. Percentage of Renewable Energy Used 38 2.2 (%) 2011 Seoul Statistics / http://stat.seoul.go.kr
Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy 『Yearbook of Regional Energy Statistics 2012』 (p.32)
54. Percentage of Paper Recycled 8 94.5 (%) 2011 Ministry of Environment 『Environmental Statistics Yearbook 2012』 「Waste Recycling」 (p.505)
55. CO2 Emissions 16 10.89 (ton/employee) 2011 CO₂ Emissions : 49,008,000ton / employee : 4,498,312人 (2011) = 10.89ton/person
Climate & Environment Headquarters,
Seoul Metropolitan Government
56. Density of Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) 30 41 (㎍/m²) 2012 Seoul Statistics / http://stat.seoul.go.kr
57. Density of Sulfur Dioxide and Nitrogen Dioxide 33 SO2 : 0.005 (ppm)
NO2 : 0.030 (ppm)
2012 Seoul Statistics / http://stat.seoul.go.kr
58. Water Quality 1 0.775 (mg O2/L) 2010 Global Environmental Management System(GEMS)
Global Environmental Management System(GEMS)
59. Level of Green Coverage 28 (%) 2012 Area of Seoul : 605.21㎢ / Area of Park : 169.12㎢ (ratio of green coverage : 28%)
Green Seoul Bureau, Seoul Metropolitan Government
60. Comfort Level of Temperature 29 107.3 2012 Seoul Statistics / http://stat.seoul.go.kr

Accessibility

Indicator 2012
Ranking
Data Source / Note
Statistics Year of Data download
61. Number of Cities with Direct International Flights 12 161 (cities) 2013.7 Incheon International Airport  
2012.12 : 150cities
62. Number of Cities with Direct International Cargo Flights 3 81 (cities) 2013.7 2012.12 : 80cities
Incheon International Airport
63. Number of Passengers on International Flights 7 42,446,000 (persons) 2012 Seoul Statistics / http://stat.seoul.go.kr
Incheon International Airport
Korea Airport Corporation

Incheon : 38,350,976人(Incheon International Airport)
Gimpo : 4,094,577人(Korea Airport Corporation) / Total : 42,446千人
64. Number of Runways 8 5 (runways) 2013 Incheon Airport PR Brochure 2013 (p.23)
Korea Airport Corporation (Kimpo Airport)
65. Density of Metro Subway Stations 12 0.59 (stations/km²) 2012 Seoul Statistics / http://stat.seoul.go.kr  
Seoul Metro
Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation
357 Stations / 605 ㎢ = 0.59 stations/㎢
66. Punctuality of Public Transportation questionnaire survey
67. Convenience of Commuting questionnaire survey
68. Travel Time between Inner-city Areas and International Airports 33 43 (minutes) 2013 AREX (Incheon Airport Railroad Express)
69. Transportation Fatalities per Population 26 40 (人/100万人) 2012 Seoul Statistics / Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency
70. Taxi Fare 8 4 (USD/~5km) 2012 Seoul Statistics / http://stat.seoul.go.kr
Taximeter Fare system
-Minimum fare : 2,400 KRW / Distance-distance fare : 100 KRW/144m
Taxi & Logistics Division, City Transportation Headquarters, Seoul Metropolitan Government