6-km Section of Gyeongchun Line (Railroad) Forest Open to Public

Seven years after the beginning of the revitalization of the Gyeongchun Line (Railroad) Forest project by Seoul in 2013, the entire 6-km section of the forest has been completely connected to allow for uninterrupted walking.

Following the three sectional openings, the city completed the connection of the final 0.4-km section (from the entrance of Seoul National University of Science & Technology to the Gongdeok 2 Railway Crossing and Happy Housing office) that was left incomplete due to the construction of the Happy Housing office. The completed Gyeongchun Line (Railroad) Forest is now officially and fully open to the public.

The Gyeongchun Line (Railroad) Forest was transformed into a green park through Seoul’s Urban Regeneration Project of the abandoned Gyeongchun Line site following the discontinuance of the use of the railway in December of 2010. The old railroad track and structure was preserved while utilizing traces of the railway to plant flowers and trees for the creation of a “forest line.”

The newly opened section will be home to a photo exhibition incorporating the opening processes of the entire Gyeongchun Line (Railroad) Forest section. The exhibition will feature images of the Gyeongchun Line (Railroad) from its first installment in 1936, to its closing in 2010, and its transformation into a forest.

Each section of the Gyeongchun Line (Railroad) Forest has a special quality and charm. The first section hosted the transformation of a house into a café, to become a space of meeting and communication among residents. The second section is a park created by citizens that contains a vegetable garden and various trees. The third section consists of a railroad track in the forest where visitors can take quiet walks together with the history of the old Hwarangdae.

6-km Section of Gyeongchun Line (Railroad) Forest Open to Public
Section Areas Distance Time of Opening
Section 1 Gongdeok 2 Railway Crossing – Yuksa Samgeori 1.9 ㎞ May 2015
Section 2 Gyeongchun Railroad Bridge – entrance of Seoul National Univ. of Science & Technology 1.2 ㎞ November 2016
Section 3 Yuksa Samgeori – border of Guri-si 2.5 ㎞ October 2017

Implementation of Restrictions on Tents to Reduce Waste at Hangang Park

In order to manage the cleanliness of the Hangang Park, a popular resting place for global citizens, Seoul will officially implement the “Hangang Park Cleanliness Improvement Measures.” First, the city will enforce the “Standard Bag Name System” for waste produced by businesses in Hangang Park. The Standard Bag Name System will be introduced to separate trash produced by Hangang Park’s kiosks, camping grounds, and other businesses for the efficient management of recyclables. The “Clean-Up Guidelines” will also be presented at various events held throughout Hangang Park.

With such implementations, Hangang Park will designate and operate the “Permitted Shade Canopy/Tent Sections” throughout the park. Shade canopies and tents are one of the methods for hanging out enjoyed by citizens, but it is becoming a hotbed of damaged greens and waste production.

Due to the rising concerns about inappropriate behavior in public locations, “Permitted Shade Canopy/Tent Installment Sections” will be selected in which two sides of the canopy or tent must be open at all times and must be taken down after 7 p.m. Failure to comply with such regulations will result in a fine of KRW 1 million in accordance with the River Act.

There will be thirteen permitted shade canopy/tent installment sections in the eleven parks of the Hangang River (two at Yeouido, two at Banpo). Each shade canopy or tent must be under 2 m x 2 m with at least two sides open at all times. Hours of permitted operation are from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. Starting on April 22, 2019, Seoul will implement a guide and offer instructions for canopy/tent installments and will take regulatory measures in unavoidable cases.

Flyers will be posted on “Delivery Zone Bulletin Boards.” The two delivery zones at Hangang Park and the five in other parks (two in Ttukseom, three in Yeouido) will operate as places where citizens can receive their food orders in order to prevent motorcycle accidents in the park. The “Designated Bulletin Boards” will be installed to prevent the increase of reckless and unpermitted distribution of flyers by competing businesses.

Along with these measures, trash will be removed more promptly as the cleaning time gaps of cleaning businesses will be minimized. During the park’s peak season, more clean-up personnel will be added to increase the number of waste removal times from three to four times a day. The clean-up personnel will also see a switch to flexible working hours in order to minimize the amount of waste that is generated at nighttime and left until the next morning. Seoul plans to utilize SNS, and online and offline media to encourage participation and to find a consensus between citizens.

Permitted Locations for Shade Canopy/Tent Installment

Permitted Locations for Shade Canopy/Tent Installment
Park Name Permitted Zone Area (㎡) Map
Gwangnaru Grass field in front of the bicycle park 11,500
Jamsil Green area near convenience stores 1 and 2 8,100
Ttukseom Near the waterside stage 18,000
Jamwon Grass field in front of Jamwon Underpass 6,800
Banpo(2 locations) Picnic areas upstream and downstream of Banpodaegyo Bridge 26,800
Ichon Dongjakdaegyo Bridge – Nature Exploration Area 15,000
Yeouido(2 locations) Summer Campground, Seasons Plaza 45,000
Yanghwa Between Seonyugyo Bridge & Dangsandaegyo Bridge 9,000
Mangwon Lower part of northernmost Seongsandaegyo Bridge 11,500
Nanji Grass field in front of Nanji Information Center 19,000
Gangseo Southernmost Family Picnic Area of Banghwadaegyo Bridge 7,500

Hyochang Park, Resting Place of Independence Activists, to Become Centenary Memorial Park

Hyochang Park (total area of 160,924 ㎡) in Yongsan-gu, the burial site of seven independence activists who sacrificed their lives for country’s liberation but were not properly recognized, will be reborn as an Independence Movement Memorial Park in 2024.

This is a plan to restore the historical value of the movement while properly establishing the topology of Hyochang Park, which has grown unfamiliar among the public and neglected by residents due to the aging of the park and varying facilities that settled in over time.

<Current Facilities of Hyochang Park>

  • Grave Sites (historical)
    • – The tomb of Kim Koo (1949), Samuisa [tombs of three martyrs] (Yi Bong-chang, Yun Bong-gil, Baek Jeong-gi) (1946), tombs of Korean Provisional Government leaders (Yi Dong-nyung, Cha Ri-seok, Cho Seong-hwan) (1948), Ahn Jung-geun family shrine (1946), Euiyeolsa [shrine of national martyrs] (historical site No. 330, constructed in 1990)
  • Main Facilities
    • – Hyochang Stadium (1960), Kim Koo Museum & Library (2002), Korean Senior Citizens Association (1972), Seoul Senior Citizens Association (1979)
  • Other Facilities
    • – Statue of the Reverend Wonhyo (1968), Anti-communist Monument (1969), Monument of Yuk Young-soo (1975), children’s playground, and more

The wall that stood between the park and the community will be torn down to provide a natural connection between the points of history and culture in the area. To the north of Hyochang Park, the Son Kee Chung Athletic Park is set to open in June 2020 in commemoration of the athlete Son Kee-chung, who revived the spirit of the nation during a dark time.

Seoul announced the Plan for Hyochang Park Centennial Park in light of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Korean Provisional Government.

The future direction of Hyochang Park design includes ▴a changeable, multi-faceted space of Hyochang Stadium through creativity, ▴transformation of the tombs of seven independence activists into an everyday “sanctum,” ▴and the commemorative linking of the park expansion with the surrounding area. The aim is to change the closed, static image of Hyochang Park into that of an open space to remember as a community.

First, Hyochang Park will undergo remodeling through creative designs. However, the matter of facilities needing only partial reparations will be decided through public opinion within the sports community.

Second, the tomb site for independence activists will be a memorial space in everyday life for the public to visit, rather than a closed space centered on worshipers. The city plans to create the area into a space like Germany’s Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, where memory and daily life are in coexistence with one another, and the Père Lachaise Cemetery, the beautiful city park of Paris where Chopin, Oscar Wilde, and other noted figures are buried.

Third, the park will go through an expansion to promote coexistence with the local community, linked to surrounding base points like the Son Kee Chung Athletic Park, Museum of Japanese Colonial History in Korea, Yi Bong-chang Memorial Hall, Gyeongui Line Forest Park, and Sookmyung Women’s University. The park will be linked with Yongsan-gu’s Hyochang Centennial Path Creation Project to break down the wall that had stood between the local community and the park to make for a natural park entrance adorned with flower beds and grass.

The Son Kee Chung Athletic Park that will newly open to the public in June 2020 is to be located within a 15-minute walk north of Hyochang Park. This will be another park that commemorates an athlete’s spirit of resistance associated with the history of the independence movement.

The plans for Hyochang Park have not yet been confirmed, however is currently in draft form for future deliberation. The final plans will be confirmed through a public consensus, such as the Hyochang Independence Centennial Forum (TBD), with participation by Seoul city, related departments, associations, and residents.

Hyochang Park
Son Kee Chung Athletic Park
Aerial view of Son Kee Chung Athletic Park

Seoul Hosts the 2019 Seoul Biennale of Architecture and Urbanism Pre-Biennale Symposium

Seoul hosted an international symposium that embodies the concept, “Collective City – A City that Creates Together and Enjoys Together,” the theme of the “2019 Seoul Biennale of Architecture and Urbanism,” at the Seoul Hall of Urbanism & Architecture on March 27 (Wed.) at 2 pm.

With the opening of the 2nd Seoul Biennale, which is a global academic and exhibition festival for the “urban architecture” field scheduled for September, the goal is to hold a symposium to actualize the theme of the biennale through presentations by and debates between world-famous professionals.

This symposium, with the theme “Collective City” began by addressing the question: “How can a city recover its collective value, or its human-oriented community?”

The biennale introduced different ways for citizens to partake in the process of forming a city and various methods of securing public concerns of the cities so that citizens are able to enjoy the city equally.

The symposium program also featured a global workshop followed by the Pre-Biennale Symposium in the afternoon.

The morning program, the Seoul Biennale Global Studio Workshop, was scheduled to receive the participation of over forty universities from around the world, and at the afternoon Pre-Biennale Symposium, professionals from around the globe presented new strategies and new city types with which each city is experimenting. These topics were addressed at a roundtable discussion.

The 2019 Seoul Biennale was held throughout Seoul, in places including in Dongdaemun Design Plaza (DDP), Donuimun Museum Village, Seoul Hall of Urbanism & Architecture, Sewoon Shopping Center, and more.
The symposium included the exhibition program, as well as on-site projects, international projects, an international studio, citizen participatory programs, film and image programs and more. Additionally, the global City Architect Forum also took place during the event period.

Pedestrian Bridge at Hangangdaegyo Bridge to Reopen after 100 Years in 2021

The Hangangdaegyo Bridge connecting Yongsan and Noryangjin with Nodeulseom Island at the center, first opened a hundred years ago under the name Hangang Footbridge. The footbridge was the first bridge that allowed people to walk across Hangang River. The middle ridge, or artificial island, that stood at the center of the river, supporting the bridge during the process of construction, eventually became what we know of today as Nodeulseom Island. The Hangang Footbridge was blown up within four days of the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950, and when its twin arch bridge, the Hangandaegyo Bridge, opened in 1981, it had transformed into a vehicle-oriented bridge.

Seoul will utilize the existing bridge of the southernmost end of Hangangdaegyo Bridge as a pedestrian bridge, connecting Nodeulseom Island and Noryangjin in 2021. The bridge will be restored for the first time in 104 years following the first opening of the Hangang Footbridge in 1917.

The existing road structure of the southernmost Hangangdaegyo Bridge (from Nodeulseom Island to Noryangjin) will be preserved, and a new pedestrian bridge will be built in the space between the twin bridges, with a width of 10.5 meters and a length of 500 meters. The first level will be comprised as a road, while the second level, a pedestrian path similar to the Brooklyn Bridge, the symbol of New York and global attraction. Pedestrian convenience will see an increase while the Noryangjin area that was cut off by road equipment will now be connected amid various creative designs and content incorporated into the structures to promote new tourist attractions.

In the direction of Noryangjin, the Hangangdaegyo Pedestrian Bridge, or the “Hundred-year bridge,” will connect to the Noryangjin Overpass that is scheduled to be demolished in early 2020, and in the direction of Nodeulseom Island, the bridge is planned to connect the east and west ends of Nodeulseom Islsand that were once blocked as vehicle lanes with the pedestrian overpass. An elevator will be installed at the waterside pedestrian path at the lower part of the Olympicdaegyo Bridge for direct, perpendicular connection to the overpass. This will ultimately connect the pedestrian path from Nodeulseom Island past the Hangangdaegyo Pedestrian Bridge to the Noryangjin area.

The installment of the Hangangdaegyo Pedestrian Bridge is also a strategy to increase pedestrian accessibility of Nodeulseom Island, which is expected to open in late September 2019 as a nature and music-centered complex cultural space. This will allow the public to conveniently go from the Noryangjin area to Nodeulseom Island.

The pedestrian bridge will consist of an observatory with a 360-degree view of Hangang River and its surroundings, a plaza where various events are held, and an ecological rest area with a mini field as a pedestrian bridge offering a level of enjoyment similar to the likes of Sydney’s Harbour Bridge.

Seoul will hold an international design competition in May 2019 for submissions of creative designs to help ensure the Hangangdaegyo Pedestrian Bridge, i.e. the “new” hundred-year bridge, can naturally be created into an attraction and scenic public space, rather than simply being a pedestrian bridge. Bridge designing is set for completion this year and will be open to the public from June 2021.

Over the long run, Seoul plans to establish an encompassing pedestrian network around Hangang River that will connect the Noryangjin Wholesale Fisheries Market, Yeouido, Seonyudo Park, Danginri Cultural-Creative Art Plant , Gyeongui Line Forest, and Yangsan Park, with Nodeulseom Island as the central point.

Aerial View

Aerial View
Observation deck utilizing the natural slope
“Hundred-year courtyard” for various events
Observation deck utilizing the natural slope
View of the “hundred-year bridge” at Hangangdaegyo Bridge’s southernmost tip

Innovative Maintenance Project and Design in Urban Planning Innovations for New Apartment Sceneries

Seoul announced the Urban and Construction Innovation (Proposal) on the 12th (Tues.) which is intended to be a step towards actualizing its announcement regarding urban planning innovation aimed at breaking away from being an isolated, dreary “apartment republic” in which areas are cut off from the rest of the city like islands and towards restoring natural spaces and communities to foster more futuristic settings.

The city will essentially be implementing a new process for urban and architectural innovation. As an arbiter in urban planning, Seoul will work together with residents and offer professional support from start to finish for this restoration project. Seoul plans to inspire more dynamic architectural designs which take into consideration the city’s overall landscape and its connection with history and culture starting from the first step of this project. Residents’ potential will be fostered by increasing transparency regarding the business related aspects of this project so conflicts related to issues of cost, duration, and inconvenience will be drastically reduced.

To realize these objectives, preliminary public planning will be conducted at an earlier stage of the overall project in order to share the project guidelines. The Seoul Apartment Development Standard will also be organized to overcome the detachment and confinement of apartment complexes as they are and create more open feeling apartments. This standard will also be applied to all future apartment maintenance projects.

During construction and design, a city organization composed of experts will offer aid to help get innovative design concepts put into new designs. The city will provide a total KRW 100-500 million for design and contribution expenses in addition to the costs required for a Resident General Meeting for the selection of a public proposal.

Among private buildings in Seoul, housing takes up large portion at 58%, and due to the uniformity and shutdown of many apartment buildings these buildings have an impact on the landscape of the city must be overcome to actualize the 100-year plan for urban planning revolution.

Seoul’s Urban and Construction Innovation (Proposal) address four main issues: ▴the implementation of a new process for support which is responsible to the public ▴the introduction of the preliminary public planning step for urban planning ▴the urban restoration of apartment complexes ▴and innovation in architectural design. A professional organization will be formed and systematic support will be given for the realization of these four goals.

Seoul’s Noksapyeong Station Garden Transforms into an Art Gallery

Noksapyeong Subway Station transformed into an art gallery with a garden where public artworks, natural light, and plants merge together. The wicket that was on the second basement floor was moved to the fourth floor basement to open the entire subway station space to the public, from basement levels 1-4, excluding the platform.

The unique and beautiful architecture of Noksapyeong Station was constructively utilized for artworks display and an underground garden, from the station entrance to the fifth floor basement with the platform.

Along the entire inner wall of Noksapyeong Station’s large, 35-meter trademark courtyard, or main hall, will hang a thin metal curtain to reflect the sunlight shining in through the glass ceiling dome of the central courtyard, while the inside of the station will be made into a giant canvas that encompasses lights in a constantly changing motion. The lights will change while riding the escalator to create a sense of space transformation.

In the fourth floor basement waiting room, previously neglected despite being an open area, artworks based on forest theme are awaiting visitors. From the ceiling hangs knitted, aluminum wires that create an atmosphere similar to a tunnel filled with vegetation with one side containing installation artworks resembling the pine tree trails of Namsan Mountain. The innermost space, the fifth floor basement platform, is filled with works showcasing the docile, warm coloring of colored pencils that brighten the unwelcoming atmosphere of the platform.

The empty circular hall on the fourth floor basement transformed into a plant garden with over 600 different plants. In addition to being a space of seeing and healing, gardeners will cultivate plants, amid a series of gardening programs, in which the public may freely participate.

The Noksapyeong Station Underground Art Garden is composed of public artworks by seven global artists and local intermediate and rising artists, an underground plant garden, and public facilities, including a gallery and seminar room.

The Underground Plant Garden was created underground at a depth reaching the height of an 11 story building, located at the fourth floor basement’s circular hall. The natural light that penetrates through the glass ceiling dome during the daytime enhances the panoramic of the area.

The neglected spaces were used to create the first floor basement gallery and fourth floor basement seminar room for public use. The spaces are planned for use involving exhibitions, art programs, lectures, and performances.

With the opening of Noksapyeong Station’s public art garden, the Noksapyeong Walk program is scheduled to launch on a regular basis, which is a program entailing a walking tour from Noksapyeong Station through Yongsan Park Gallery and around Yongsan Garrison. The Noksapyeong Walk is a public-participatory program and walking tour linked with the Yongsan Park Gallery that beings from the first floor basement of Noksapyeong Station. Advanced program registration is open to the public via the Public Service Reservation website (yeyak.seoul.go.kr).

The ‘Noksapyeong Public Art Project’ does not simply import artworks into the subway station, but rather, is a new attempt to innovatively change the way subway station spaces are used. Artwork and public spaces along the inner structure of Noksapyeong Station naturally integrated into the current space, like wallpaper, to enable a transformation into an art gallery for its entirety to become a piece of art in itself.

Inquiries: Noksapyeong Station Project Development Office (☎82-2-338-8823)

Featured Works

Featured Works
Dance of Light
Forest Gallery
Noksapyeong where…
Times of the Wall
The Depth of Distance – A Chronicle of the Moment

Launch of 2040 Global Metropolitan Mega Plan

With continual occurrence of urban problems that go beyond the boundaries of the administrative regions of the metropolitan area to reach a megalopolitan dimension, and the need for countermeasures increasing on a wider scale, Seoul, Incheon, Gyeonggi-do, and the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport will launch a collaborative service for the establishment of Metropolitan City-Region Planning.

Seoul, Incheon, and Gyeonggi-do regions form a large ‘megalopolis community (shared life zone)’ that are extremely close and connected to surrounding cities in terms of space and function. Accordingly, the need for comprehensive measures against issues such as metropolitan traffic systems, air quality improvements, and prevention of thoughtless development at a megalopolitan level have continually increased, but a practical metropolitan plan that encompasses the metropolitan area still remains absent.

The Metropolitan City-Region Planning is the most significant city plan under the regulation of the National Land Planning and Utilization Act, and as a plan that presents a long-term direction for the development of megalopolitan districts under planning, it will also present reorganization of spatial structure, use of metropolitan land and facilities, and division of city functions.

This Metropolitan City-Region Planning will resolve megalopolitan traffic and environmental issues in accordance with the reorganization period of the Fifth Comprehensive National Development Plan (’20-’40) and the Fourth Seoul Metropolitan Area Readjustment Planning (’21-’40), while stressing the establishment of a practical plan for metropolitan development appropriate for such time of population decrease and low growth.

The proposal for the 2040 Metropolitan City-Region Planning will be drafted early next year, and the final plan will be confirmed late next year after deliberation by the Central Urban Planning Committee.

Seoul to Rise Beyond its Status as World’s Top E-Government to Become a Smart City with 50,000 IoT Sensors Across the City

This year marks the 20th year since Seoul founded a national unit organization in relation to informatization for the official launch of an ICT-based city management and operations policy. Seoul plans to rise above its overwhelming status for seven consecutive years as number one in e-Governance in the world, and kick into high gear to attain the goal of cutting-edge ‘Smart City Seoul’ based on big data and new ICT.

At the core of Smart City Seoul is big data known as the ‘crude oil of the 21st century.’ Continuing Seoul’s individual services that operated under the name of ‘informatization’ such as the Owl Buses, public Wi-Fi, and mVoting, Seoul will combine the IoT, blockchain, and other key technologies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution to the world’s best ICT technology, infrastructure, and accumulated city and administrative data which have been constructed until now, in order to create a new growth engine and offer new services as never before experienced in the past.

For this project, 50,000 ‘IoT (Internet of Things) sensors’ will be installed throughout Seoul. In the area of transportation, the ‘Shared Parking System’ will be introduced within the year to relieve chronic parking difficulties with the IoT sensor that will grasp the availability of parked cars in real time, allowing citizens to check, reserve, and pay for parking spaces via a smartphone app. The sensors will analyze floating population data even when installing senior welfare centers and other infrastructure in order to expand infrastructure to areas of demand. When establishing city plans or constructing new buildings, the ‘3D-based Virtual Seoul’ system will simulate how these will affect the existing city environment and upgrade city management policies.

Also, 120 Dasan Call Center will apply a trial run of the ‘Chat Bot’ function, which automatically responds to citizens’ questions using the artificial intelligence (AI) technology, and images will be analyzed based on big data and AI technology to officially introduce ‘Intelligent CCTV’ that automatically detects particular situations like fights and fires.

Seoul Mandates the Installment of ‘95% Fine Dust-filtering’ Ventilation Equipment in New Buildings

New construction, extension, and remodeling of buildings in Seoul will require the installment of ‘mechanical ventilation equipment’ that will filter out more than 95% of fine dust. These buildings will also be required to install the eco-friendly condensing boilers that reduce 77% of nitrogen oxide, which is the main cause of fine dust, as compared to regular boilers.

This is the attempt to filter out fine dust that flow into buildings and reduce the formation of fine dust within buildings to provide citizens who spend many hours in buildings with a safe indoor environment that protects against fine dust.

Seoul examined the [Green Building Standards] and established plans to increase ‘Green Buildings’ by applying them to cases requesting construction approval from City Hall and the district office from February 24, in an effort to reduce fine dust. Upon approval for construction by Seoul City and autonomous districts, the mandated installments will be implemented by checking to see whether Green Building Standards were reflected in construction designs.

Furthermore, the new building standard mandates that residential buildings with more than thirty households and non-residential buildings of more than 3,000m2 in total area must install solar-powered equipment that amounts to 5% capacity of the ground area.

Seoul’s New Gwanghwamun to Return to the Citizens in 2021 with Announcement of International Design Competition Winners

Gwanghwamun Square will be returned to citizens in 2021, transformed into a national symbolic plaza and open democratic space with treasured historicity.

The road in front of Sejong Center for the Performing Arts will be made into a public square to expand the area to 3.7 times the current size, and the three separate underground spaces, including Haechi Plaza, will be integrated to form a new square. By successfully combining the areas of Gwanghwamun Square, the historic landscape that leads from Bugaksan Mountain to the Hangang River will be restored.

The Seoul Metropolitan Government announced the final winner of the International Design Competition, the future blueprint of the new Gwanghwamun Square, on the 21st. The winning work is “Deep Surface” (Awaken the past and future), which won against a competitive ratio of 70:1.
The competition proved as popular as the symbolic growth of ‘Gwanghwamun Square,’ through the participation of 202 architects and landscaping experts of 70 teams from 17 countries.

The winning design plans to actualize three goals that reflect the city’s general direction. These three goals are: ①completion of a national symbolic axis (Bugaksan Mountain – Gwanghwamun Square – Sungnyemun Gate – Yongsan – Hangang River) through restoration of Jujak-daero (Yukjo-geori), ②creation of a citizen-oriented space of multi-leveled memories through the dimensional connection of the above-ground and underground squares, and ③reconstruction of the Korean landscape that joins nature and the city (Bugaksan Mountain – Gyeongbokgung Palace – Gwanghwamun Plaza).

The concept of the above-ground space is “Empty,” while that of the underground space is “Full.” The above-ground square will pull together the rather unorganized structures and arrangements nearby, to allow for a clear view of Gyeongbokgung Palace and Bugaksan Mountain, and will be an open space for various large-scale events. The underground square will be a space of relaxation, culture, education, and experience, filled with year-round cultural events such as concerts and exhibitions.

Seoul has designated this project as the “New Gwanghwamun Project,” and the future Gwanghwamun Square presented by the winning work will be actualized without setbacks, while extensively innovating the Gwanghwamun city space to encompass history, culture, transportation, and landscape environment.

Seoul will host an award ceremony on the 25th (Friday) in the eighth floor Multi-Purpose Hall of Seoul City Hall. The winning design and other works will be revealed and exhibited to the public in the City Hall lobby and Gwanghwamun Haechi Plaza.

Winning Design

Gwanghwamun Square comparison photos (past·present·future)

< 1974 Gwanghwamun Square (Source: National Archives of Korea) >

< Present state of Gwanghwamun Square >

< Formation plan (proposed) for Gwanghwamun Square >

Construction of ‘Hanyangdoseong On-site Museum’ to Begin in January

Seoul will preserve the site of the Hanyangdoseong City Wall that was revealed through a two-year excavation in its original form to construct the ‘Hanyangdoseong On-site Museum’ of 43,630 ㎡. Construction began in January, and the museum is scheduled to be completed by the end of the year to open to citizens and local and overseas visitors in February 2020.

The ‘Hanyangdoseong On-site Museum’ will offer a vivid experience of the fortification technology, excavation and preservation processes of Hanyangdoseong together with historical traces of 600 years at the foot of Hoehyeon of Namsan Mountain from the Joseon period to the Japanese occupation and the modern times. The city will preserve the excavated city walls and old site in its entirety and original form to build an on-site museum with minimal facilities comprising the permanent protective facility and observation deck.

An optimal viewing course for easy access will be formed, and the permanent protective facility will be installed with pillars and semi-transparent, lightweight roofs with no exterior walls. This is intended to wholly protect the site while minimizing damage of the Namsan Mountain landscape. A landscaping project suitable to the vegetation of Namsan Mountain will also be realized.
Seoul consulted with experts of various fields from the designing stage and regarding the cultural property to preserve and maintain the discovered site in its original form. The city also held discussions about facility size, form, materials and more that will satisfy both site preservation and an optimal viewing environment.

At the small exhibition center will be an exhibit of remains and models that show the past and present of Hanyangdoseong and foot of Hoehyeon of Namsan Mountain, old documentary photos of Namsan Botanical Garden, and various excavated relics.

Construction of ‘Hanyangdoseong On-site Museum’ to Begin in January
Before (image) and after (image) construction of the On-site Museum
Before (image) and after (image) construction of the On-site Museum
Before construction After construction
Before construction After construction