Hong Nanpa was the country’s first violinist. He founded and served as the conductor of the Gyeongseong Broadcast Station Orchestra in 1936. He composed many classical songs, such as Gohyangeuibom (Spring in My Hometown) and Bongseonhwa (Touch-me-not), which are deeply loved by many Koreans, and numerous pieces of violin and orchestral music, in addition to compiling A Collection of One Hundred Children’s Songs.
He also founded the Yeonakhoe, an institution dedicated to professional music research. After studying in Japan and the United States, he taught at Gyeongseong Boyuk School and Ewha Womans University. Hong Nanpa’s House in 38 Songwol 1-gil, Jongno-gu, where he spent the last six years of his life (1935~1941), was registered as Cultural Heritage No. 90 in 2004. He composed many of his most well-known works there.