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  • 2019 Transportation Data of Seoul Analyzed through Big Data

  • SMG 696

    The number of registered vehicles in Seoul in 2019 was 3,124,157, which was 494 fewer (0.02%) than in 2018. On the other hand, the total use of public transportation (bus and subway) was 4,606,310,000, which was 45,440,000 (1.0%) greater than the previous year.

    Users of public transportation (bus and subway) paid KRW 1,103, transferred 1.3 times (time spent for the transfer: 6.7 minutes), and were in transit for 33.4 minutes (11.1 km.) in total on average.

    In terms of the traffic patterns of each means of transportation in each period of time, the greatest number of people used buses on the way to their places of work (8:00 a.m.-9:00 a.m.), the subway and Ttareungi on the way home from work (6:00 p.m.-7:00 p.m.), and taxis late at night when other modes of public transportation are not in operation (12:00 a.m.-1:00 a.m.).

    <2019 Traffic Rate for Each Means of Transportation by Time>

    2019 Traffic Rate for Each Means of Transportation by Time
    Bus Subway
    Bus Subway
    Taxi Ttareungi
    Taxi Ttareungi

    Among the 25 autonomous districts in Seoul, the rates of use of buses, the subway, and taxis were high within those with a large living population and the rate of use of Ttareungi was high in those well equipped with facilities for the convenient use of bikes.

    In terms of the volume of traffic for each means of transportation in the 424 administrative dongs, buses and the subway were most used in Jongno 1-, 2-, 3-, 4 ga-dong (67,518/day and 153,090/day, respectively), taxis in Yeoksam 1-dong in Gangnam-gu (17,956/day), and Ttareungi in Yeoui-dong in Yeongdeungpo-gu.

    <Top 5 2019 Volume of Traffic for Each Means of Transportation in Each Dong (daily use average)>

    Top 5 2019 Volume of Traffic for Each Means of Transportation in Each Dong (daily use average)
    Ranking Bus Subway Taxi Ttareungi
    1 Jongno 1, 2, 3, 4 ga-dong
    (Jongno-gu)
    67,518 Jongno 1, 2, 3, 4 ga-dong
    (Jongno-gu)
    153,090 Yeoksam 1(il)-dong
    (Gangnam-gu)
    17,956 Yeoui-dong
    (Yeongdeungpo-gu)
    1,579
    2 Seogyo-dong
    (Mapo-gu)
    58,007 Seogyo-dong
    (Mapo-gu)
    135,115 Seogyo-dong
    (Mapo-gu)
    14,910 Gayang 1(il)-dong
    (Gangseo-gu)
    713
    3 Sinchon-dong
    (Seodaemun-gu)
    51,711 Yeoksam 1(il)-dong (Gangnam-gu) 130,888 Yeoui-dong
    (Yeongdeungpo-gu)
    13,208 Jongno 1, 2, 3, 4 ga-dong
    (Jongno-gu)
    639
    4 Yeoui-dong
    (Yeongdeungpo-gu)
    48,241 Hoehyeon-dong
    (Jung-gu)
    95,867 Jongno 1, 2, 3, 4 ga-dong
    (Jongno-gu)
    10,779 Jayang 3(sam)-dong
    (Gwangjin-gu)
    629
    5 Yeoksam 1(il)-dong
    (Gangnam-gu)
    46,643 Jamsil 6(yuk)-dong
    (Songpa-gu)
    90,970 Cheongdam-dong
    (Gangnam-gu)
    10,158 Seogyo-dong
    (Mapo-gu)
    620

    In terms of the utilization rate of each bus stop, subway station, and Ttareungi rental station, buses were most used at the bus stop of Gangnam Station (subway Line 2) with 9,147 uses/day, the subway at Gangnam Station (Line 2) with 95,885 uses, Ttareungi at the rental station in front of the Exit 1 of Yeouinaru Station with 285 uses, and taxis around the Yeouido Station with 6,864 uses.

    Seoul is using about 77 billion pieces of big data on transportation per year (an average of about 210 million per day) generated by terminals attached to buses, subway stations, taxis, and Ttareungi to build its transportation policy system, and analyzing data-based policies to reflect them in the city’s administration.